Morigaon is a district in the northeastern state of Assam, India. It is situated in the central part of Assam, approximately 80 km from Guwahati, the state capital. The district is famous for its natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and historical importance.
Morigaon has a rich history dating back to the ancient times. According to historical records, the district was a part of the ancient kingdom of Kamarupa, which was ruled by the Varman dynasty from the 4th to the 12th century AD. During this period, Morigaon was known as Hahundia Pargana and was ruled by the Ahom kings from the 17th to the 19th century. Later on, the district was annexed by the British in 1826 after the First Anglo-Burmese War.
Morigaon is located at 26.25°N 92.4°E and has an area of 1,704 square kilometers. It is situated in the central part of Assam, and the Brahmaputra River flows through the district, dividing it into two parts. The district is surrounded by the districts of Nagaon, Kamrup, and Karbi Anglong. The climate of Morigaon is subtropical, with hot summers and mild winters.
As per the 2011 census, the total population of Morigaon district was 957,423, with a sex ratio of 958 females for every 1000 males. The literacy rate of the district is 71.87%, with males having a literacy rate of 79.31% and females having a literacy rate of 64.14%. The majority of the population in Morigaon district consists of Assamese people, with a significant presence of Muslim and Hindu communities.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people in Morigaon district. Paddy, jute, mustard, and sugarcane are the major crops grown in the district. Apart from agriculture, the district has a significant presence of small-scale industries, including handloom, handicrafts, and bamboo products. The district is also known for its traditional pottery industry. Tourism is another significant source of income for the people in Morigaon district.
Morigaon district has a rich cultural heritage. The people of the district celebrate various festivals throughout the year, including Bihu, Durga Puja, and Eid. The traditional dance forms of Morigaon include Bihu, Jhumur, and Bagurumba. The district is also famous for its traditional handicrafts, including bamboo products, pottery, and handloom products. The people of Morigaon are known for their hospitality and friendliness.
Morigaon district has many tourist attractions, including historical monuments, wildlife sanctuaries, and natural beauty. The district is home to the famous Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, which is known for its one-horned rhinoceros population. Other popular tourist attractions in the district include the Bordowa Satra, a Vaishnavite monastery established by the saint-reformer Srimanta Sankardeva, the Deosal Reserve Forest, and the Kakochang Waterfall. The district is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including bamboo products, pottery, and handloom products.
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