Darrang is a district located in the Indian state of Assam, situated on the northern banks of the Brahmaputra River. The district is bounded by Bhutan in the north, Udalguri district in the east, Kamrup district in the west, and Sonitpur district in the south. This district is an important part of Assam's cultural, historical, and economic landscape.
Darrang has a rich and diverse history, which dates back to ancient times. The district was ruled by various indigenous tribes like the Bodo, the Tiwa, and the Karbi people. During the medieval period, Darrang was ruled by the Koch and Ahom dynasties, and it was a significant center of trade and commerce. The district was also an important location during the British colonial era, as it was part of the British Raj. After India's independence in 1947, Darrang became part of the Indian state of Assam.
Darrang covers an area of approximately 3,481 square kilometers and is located in the northeastern part of India. The district is characterized by its hilly terrain, with several rivers and streams flowing through it. The Brahmaputra River forms the district's northern boundary, and the district's southern part is drained by the Kalang and Nonoi rivers. The district's climate is subtropical, with an average annual temperature of around 25°C.
As of the 2011 census, Darrang had a population of 928,500, making it one of the most populous districts in Assam. The district has a diverse population, with people belonging to various ethnic and linguistic groups. The Bodo, Karbi, Tiwa, and Assamese people are the major ethnic groups in Darrang. The district has a literacy rate of around 70%, with male literacy higher than female literacy.
Darrang's economy is primarily based on agriculture, with the majority of the district's population engaged in farming. Rice, jute, tea, and vegetables are the major crops grown in the district. In addition to agriculture, the district also has a significant amount of small-scale industries, such as handloom weaving and bamboo handicrafts. The district's location on the Brahmaputra River has also made it an important center of trade and commerce.
Darrang has a rich cultural heritage, with various ethnic groups contributing to the district's cultural landscape. The Bihu dance, which is a traditional dance of Assam, is widely performed in Darrang during the Bihu festival. The district is also known for its handloom weaving, with various ethnic communities producing intricate designs and patterns on fabrics. The Karbi people of Darrang are known for their traditional bamboo and cane crafts.
Darrang has significant tourism potential, with its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. Some of the major tourist attractions in the district include
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