Cachar is a district located in the southernmost part of the Indian state of Assam. It is bordered by the Barail range in the north, the state of Mizoram in the south, the Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya in the east, and the Bangladesh in the west. The district headquarters is located in the town of Silchar.
The history of Cachar dates back to the ancient period when it was a part of the Kachari kingdom. The Kachari dynasty ruled this area for many centuries. The Kachari kingdom was a powerful kingdom in Assam during the medieval period. In the 18th century, the British East India Company came to Assam and annexed the Kachari kingdom. Cachar became a part of British India in 1832. During the British period, Cachar was a part of the Bengal Presidency.
Cachar district is situated in the southern part of Assam. It is a hilly district with the Barail range in the north and the Borail range in the south. The Barak River flows through the district from east to west. The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Silchar and Lakhipur. The total area of the district is 3,786 square kilometers.
As per the 2011 census, the total population of Cachar district is 17,38,590, with a population density of 459 people per square kilometer. The literacy rate of the district is 79.99%, which is higher than the national average. The majority of the population in Cachar district is Bengali-speaking Hindus. There is also a significant population of Muslims in the district. Other communities in the district include Manipuris, Nagas, and Hmars.
Cachar district's economy is primarily agrarian, with agriculture being the main source of income for the majority of the population. Rice is the main crop grown in the district, followed by tea, jute, mustard, and pulses. The district is also known for its handloom industry, which produces silk and cotton fabrics. The district is home to several tea estates, including the famous Borail Tea Estate. The tea industry is a significant contributor to the district's economy. The district is also rich in natural resources such as coal, limestone, and crude oil.
Cachar district has a rich cultural heritage. The district's culture is a blend of different cultures, including Bengali, Manipuri, Naga, and Hmar cultures. The district is known for its traditional dance forms, including the Manipuri and Hmar dances. The district is also known for its handloom industry, which produces silk and cotton fabrics.
Cachar district has several tourist attractions. The district is home to several tea estates, including the Borail Tea Estate, which is known for its picturesque beauty. The district also has several temples, including the Kali Temple in Silchar and the Maniharan Tunnel Temple, which is an ancient temple located near Silchar. The district is also home to several wildlife sanctuaries, including the Katakhal Wildlife Sanctuary and the Borail Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Katakhal Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the southern part of the district and covers an area of 159 square kilometers. The sanctuary is home to several species of animals, including elephants, tigers, leopards, deer, and birds. The Borail Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the southern part of the district and covers an area of 326 square kilometers.
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