Tirunelveli is a city located in the southern part of Tamil Nadu. The city has a rich history dating back to the 2nd century AD when it was known as 'Tenkasi'. Over the years, Tirunelveli has grown into a major commercial, cultural, and educational hub in Tamil Nadu. The city is known for its magnificent temples, mouth-watering cuisine, and a vibrant cultural scene.
Tirunelveli is situated on the banks of the Tamirabarani River, which is the lifeline of the city. The city covers an area of 169.9 sq. km and is surrounded by the Western Ghats on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east. The climate in Tirunelveli is tropical, with hot summers and mild winters. The average temperature in the city ranges from 30°C to 35°C in summer and 20°C to 25°C in winter.
Tirunelveli has a rich and ancient history that dates back to the 2nd century AD. The city was once a part of the Pandya Kingdom and was ruled by various dynasties over the centuries. The city's name 'Tirunelveli' is derived from the Tamil words 'Tiru' (sacred), 'Nel' (paddy), and 'Veli' (fence), which translates to 'the sacred fence of paddy fields.' The city has seen the rise and fall of various empires, including the Cholas, Pandyas, Vijayanagara, and the Madurai Nayaks.
Tirunelveli has a vibrant cultural scene that reflects its rich history and diverse population. The city is known for its classical music and dance forms, including Bharatanatyam and Carnatic music. The annual 'Tamirabarani Mahapushkaram' festival is a major cultural event in Tirunelveli, which draws thousands of devotees from across the country. The city is also famous for its lip-smacking cuisine, which includes delicacies such as 'iruttu kadai halwa', 'puliyogare', and 'thattai.'
Tirunelveli's economy is mainly driven by agriculture and small-scale industries. The city is known for its production of paddy, bananas, and coconuts. The city is also a major producer of textiles, handloom products, and brassware. Tirunelveli is home to several small and medium-sized enterprises that employ a significant portion of the city's population.
Tirunelveli is known for its excellent educational institutions, which have produced some of the finest minds in the country. The city has several top-rated engineering and medical colleges, including the National Institute of Technology (NIT) and Tirunelveli Medical College. The city is also home to several prestigious arts and science colleges, including the St. Xavier's College and Sarah Tucker College.
Tirunelveli is home to several magnificent temples and historical monuments, which attract thousands of tourists every year. The Nellaiappar Temple, located in the heart of the city, is one of the most famous temples in South India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is known for its magnificent architecture and intricate carvings.
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