Theni is a district situated in the foothills of the Western Ghats, a mountain range that runs along the western coast of India. The district is bordered by the districts of Dindigul to the north, Madurai to the east, Virudhunagar to the southeast, and Kerala state to the west. The district headquarters are in the town of Theni.
Theni district spans over an area of 3,242 square kilometers, and it is divided into three distinct geographical regions: the eastern plains, the foothills, and the highlands. The eastern plains are mainly agricultural lands and are situated in the Kambam and Uthamapalayam taluks. The foothills region covers the southern and western parts of the district and is characterized by hilly terrain and dense forests. The highlands region comprises the westernmost part of the district, and it includes the Western Ghats mountain range.
The climate of Theni district is tropical, with hot summers and moderate to heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. The monsoon season in the district starts in June and lasts until September. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 836 mm. The temperature in the district ranges from a minimum of 20 degrees Celsius in winter to a maximum of 40 degrees Celsius in summer.
According to the 2011 census, Theni district has a population of 1,245,899, with a population density of 384 people per square kilometer. The district has a sex ratio of 991 females to 1000 males, which is higher than the state average of 996. The literacy rate in the district is 79.67%, which is also higher than the state average of 80.09%.
The majority of the population in the district are Tamils, with a significant minority of Telugu and Kannada speakers. The district is also home to a sizeable population of Malayalis, owing to its proximity to Kerala state. Hinduism is the predominant religion in the district, with Islam and Christianity being the other major religions.
The economy of Theni district is predominantly agricultural, with over 80% of the population engaged in farming activities. The major crops cultivated in the district include paddy, sugarcane, cotton, coconut, and spices such as cardamom, pepper, and cloves. The district is also known for its production of fruits such as bananas, mangoes, and papayas.
Apart from agriculture, the district has a significant textile industry, with several spinning mills and weaving units located in the region. The district also has a thriving handloom industry, with several clusters of weavers producing high-quality silk and cotton fabrics. The district is also home to several small-scale industries, such as brick-making, pottery, and leather goods.
Theni district is known for its scenic beauty and is a popular tourist destination in Tamil Nadu. The district is home to several hill stations, waterfalls, and dams that attract visitors throughout the year. The major tourist attractions in the district include the Vaigai Dam, Suruli Falls, Kumbakarai Falls, Meghamalai hill station, and the Sothuparai Dam.
The district is also known for its religious significance, with several ancient temples located in the region. The most famous among them is the Kuchanur Saneeswara Temple.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|