Dharmapuri is a district located in the northwestern part of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by the state of Karnataka to the west, the district of Krishnagiri to the east, the district of Salem to the south, and the state of Andhra Pradesh to the north. The district headquarters is located in the city of Dharmapuri, which is also the largest city in the district.
The history of Dharmapuri dates back to ancient times, and the region has been inhabited by various dynasties and empires. The earliest known dynasty to rule over the region was the Cholas, who ruled from the 9th to the 13th centuries. The region also saw the rise of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate and the Marathas.
During the British colonial era, the district was part of the Madras Presidency and was formed in 1965 by the bifurcation of Salem district. Since then, it has undergone significant development in terms of infrastructure and industrialization.
Dharmapuri district covers an area of 4,497 square kilometers and is situated at an altitude of 468 meters above sea level. The district is mostly hilly, with the Eastern Ghats range running through its eastern part. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Pennaiyar, Kaveri, and Palar. The district is also home to the Hogenakkal Falls, which is a major tourist attraction.
The climate of Dharmapuri is tropical, with hot summers and moderate winters. The temperature during the summer months of March to June can reach up to 40°C, while the winter months of November to January see temperatures dropping to around 18°C. The district receives rainfall during the monsoon months of June to September.
Dharmapuri district is known for its rich cultural heritage and has been home to various communities and ethnic groups. The district has a significant population of the Kuruba community, who are known for their unique culture and customs.
The district is also known for its folk music and dance forms, such as the Oyilattam and Karagattam. The Pongal festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the district, and the Hogenakkal Festival is also a major cultural event.
The economy of Dharmapuri is largely dependent on agriculture, with crops such as paddy, sugarcane, and cotton being the major produce. The district is also known for its mango cultivation and is one of the largest mango producers in the state. The district is also home to several textile and leather industries, which provide employment to the local population.
Dharmapuri district has several tourist attractions that attract visitors from all over the country. Some of the major tourist attractions in the district are:
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