The memories of the Mughal period in Delhi are very much cherished. Here you can see many historical buildings like- Red Fort, Purana Quila, Lal Kot Mehrauli, Siri Fort. Firoz Tughlaq built the Kotla Firoz Shah or Firozabad next to the Yamuna and placed a 1500-year-old polished stone pillar with Ashoka inscriptions, weighing 23 tons, on top of his palace. Shergarh, Tughlaqabad Fort, Humayuns Tomb, Qutub Minar, Isha Khans tomb etc. in Delhi are other places where you can roam.

While visiting Delhi, one can feel that it is in a modern metropolitan city of historical importance. The history of Delhi has been very long and fluctuating. Delhi has witnessed the rise and fall of many empires. Todays Delhi is built on the ruins of seven cities, which were ruled by Hindu Rajputs to the Mughals and finally the British. Delhi is truly a cosmopolitan city.

Humayuns Tomb

  • It is an excellent specimen of Mughal architecture in Delhi. It was Indias first garden-tomb (Charbagh style), which has been included by UNESCO in the World Heritage List. Later this Charbag style was also adopted in the construction of Taj Mahal.
  • This building was made with marble workmanship on red sandstone.
  • This historical monument was built by Humayuns queen Hamida Banu Begum (Haji Begum) in the 16th century.
  • Its entrance is two storeyed. The tall ringed walls here divide a square garden into four large squares, with water canals between them. Each square is divided into small squares by small paths, forming four gardens.
  • The last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar took shelter in this tomb during the first freedom struggle in 1857.
  • Many of the Mughal dynasty rulers including Humayun were buried here. Humayuns wifes grave is also here.
  • For the last few years, the beautification work was being done by the Aga Khan Trust here to preserve its original tone. For this, the chandelier was specially brought from Egypt to be installed in the tomb dome. Blue and yellow tiles were also installed, which symbolized Mughal civilization. Apart from Humayuns tomb, there are other major monuments in Delhi.

Qutub Minar

  • This tower made of red stones is the highest tower in India. UNESCO has included it in the list of world heritage.
  • It was built in the 13th century by the Mughal ruler Qutbuddin Aibak. Its height is 237.86 feet. There are 379 steps to reach the upper level in this tower with total five floors. There is also a 7 meter high iron pillar in its premises.

Red Fort

  • It is also a Mughal building, which was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. It is counted among the worlds selected historic buildings.
  • It was also included in UNESCOs World Heritage. This fort remained in the possession of the Mughals until 1857, but later the British used it as a military cantonment. Every year on the occasion of Republic Day and Independence Day, the President and Prime Minister of India hoists the tricolor at the Lahori Gate of the fort.

India Gate

  • India Gate was built in 1931 to commemorate over 80 thousand Indian soldiers killed in the First World War.
  • It was designed by the famous architect Edwin Lutyens.

Purana Quila

Purana Quila of Delhi is a famous tourist destination. This fort was occupied by the Mughal ruler Humayun, later Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri dynasty, captured this fort. After Sher Shah Suris death, Humayun waved his flag of rule over Delhi again after chasing his Nakara son Islam Shah in Kabul and resumed and completed the construction of the fort. Surrounded by high walls, this fort has three entrances to enter. Humayun died after falling from the stairs of this fort.

Craft Museum

This craft museum is located on Mathura Road near Pragati Maidan. Tourists can see the traditional crafts and folk art of India in this museum. There is no entry fee and is open from 9.30 am to 4.30 pm.

Feroz Shah Kotla Fort

Ferozeshah Kotla is a fort in Delhi. It was built in 1354 by the Mughal ruler Ferozeshah Tughlaq. This fort is one of the oldest monuments in Delhi. History shows that the Ferozeshah Kotla Fort was built when the Mughals decided to shift their capital from Tughlakabad to Firozabad, due to lack of water in that area. The fort was built near the Yamuna River to solve the water shortage. Beautiful gardens, palaces, mosques and madrasas were built inside the fort, it was the royal stronghold of the capital. This fort serves as a symbol of the reign of the third ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty.

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar is located in the heart of the capital Connaught Place in the heart of Delhi. Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Jai ​​Singh II in 1724. Jantar Mantar is an example of scientific progress of ancient India. During the reign of Mohammed Shah, there was a debate among Hindu and Muslim astronomers about the position of planets. Jai Singh built the Jantar Mantar to eliminate it. Along with Delhi, it was also built in Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi.

Presidents House

Rashtrapati Bhavan is a famous monument of Delhi. It was the palace of the then Viceroy of India. Presently the President of India lives in Rashtrapati Bhavan. This building was also designed by Edwin Lutyens. Its construction started in 1911 and it took almost 19 years to build. There is a very beautiful Mughal Garden in the western part of Rashtrapati Bhavan. Every year in the spring, this garden is opened to the common people. Rashtrapati Bhavan and Mughal Gardens can be visited by paying a registration fee of only Rs 25. Concessions are granted to groups of more than 30 tourists and children under 12 are not charged any fee.

JAMA Masjid

Jama Masjid is located in Old Delhi. It is a major mosque of Delhi. Emperor Shah Jahan built many buildings. This is the last stately building built in them at a huge cost. It is one of the largest mosques in the country. In its courtyard, 25 thousand people can come together. The construction of this mosque began in 1644 and was completed in 1658. 5,000 artists participated in its production. The Jama Masjid has three grand doors and two towers and four towers 40 feet high. It is made of red stone and marble.