Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is a coastal city located in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is situated on the Malabar Coast, along the Arabian Sea, and is the third-largest city in the state. The city has a rich history and is renowned for its trade, culture, and cuisine. Here, we will provide a detailed description of Kozhikode, covering its history, geography, culture, tourism, and more.
Kozhikode is located on the west coast of India, between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats mountain range. The city covers an area of approximately 234.4 square kilometers and is situated at an elevation of 1 meter above sea level. The city is bordered by the districts of Kannur and Wayanad to the north, Malappuram to the east, and the Arabian Sea to the west.
Kozhikode is located at the mouth of the Kallai River, which is one of the main rivers in the city. The city is also home to a number of other water bodies, including the Korapuzha River, the Chaliyar River, and the Beypore River.
Kozhikode has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The city was originally known as Koyil-Kota, which means "fortified palace," and was an important center of trade and commerce. It was also the capital of the powerful Zamorin dynasty, which ruled over the region for several centuries.
During the medieval period, Kozhikode was a major center of international trade, particularly in spices like pepper and cardamom. The city was visited by traders from all over the world, including the Arabs, Chinese, and Europeans. In fact, it was from Kozhikode that the famous explorer Vasco da Gama set sail on his voyage to India in 1498.
In the 16th century, the Portuguese established a settlement in Kozhikode, which was followed by the Dutch and the British. The city played an important role in India's struggle for independence and was the site of several important events, including the Salt Satyagraha of 1930.
Kozhikode is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in its art, literature, music, and cuisine. The city is home to several cultural institutions, including the Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy and the Kerala Sahitya Academy. The city's traditional art forms include Theyyam, Koodiyattam, and Kathakali.
Kozhikode is also famous for its cuisine, which is characterized by the use of spices like black pepper, cardamom, and cinnamon. Some of the popular dishes from the region include biryani, fish curry, and banana chips. The city is also home to several traditional sweets like halwa and laddu.
Kozhikode is a popular tourist destination, known for its scenic beauty, historical monuments, and cultural attractions. Some of the popular tourist attractions in the city include:
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