Pathanamthitta is a district in the state of Kerala, located in the southern part of India. It is situated in the central Travancore region of Kerala and is surrounded by the districts of Kollam, Alappuzha, Idukki, and Kottayam. Pathanamthitta district covers an area of 2,644 square kilometers and has a population of over 1.3 million people as per the 2011 Census of India. Here, we will explore Pathanamthitta in detail, including its geography, history, culture, economy, and tourism.
Pathanamthitta is located in the southern part of Kerala, and it is known for its hilly terrain, forests, rivers, and waterfalls. The district is situated at an altitude of 500-2500 feet above sea level and is surrounded by the Western Ghats on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. The major rivers that flow through the district are the Pamba, Achankovil, Manimala, and Meenachil. The district is also home to several waterfalls, including Athirapally, Vazhachal, and Thommankuthu.
Pathanamthitta has a rich history that dates back to the prehistoric times. The district was once a part of the ancient kingdom of Travancore and was ruled by the Travancore kings until India's independence in 1947. The district was known for its trade and commerce, and the town of Adoor was a prominent center for the pepper trade. During the British era, the district came under the Madras Presidency, and after India's independence, it became a part of the state of Kerala.
Pathanamthitta is known for its rich culture and traditions, and it is home to several art forms and festivals. The district is known for its classical dance form, Kathakali, which originated in Kerala. The district is also famous for its percussion instrument, Chenda, which is used in many temple festivals. The district celebrates several festivals, including Onam, Vishu, and the famous Sabarimala festival. The Sabarimala temple is one of the most famous pilgrim centers in India, and it attracts millions of devotees every year.
Pathanamthitta has a mixed economy, and it is known for its agriculture, industries, and tourism. The district is famous for its rubber plantations, which are a major source of income for the local farmers. The district is also known for its spice plantations, including pepper, cardamom, and ginger. The district has several small-scale industries, including handloom weaving, coir production, and pottery. The tourism industry in the district is also booming, and the district is known for its natural beauty, wildlife, and pilgrimage centers.
Pathanamthitta is known for its tourism industry, and the district has several tourist attractions that attract visitors from all over the world. Some of the famous tourist destinations in the district include Sabarimala, which is one of the most famous pilgrim centers in India, and the Aranmula Parthasarathy temple, which is known for its unique architecture and the famous boat race held annually. The district is also known for its wildlife sanctuaries, including the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Silent Valley National Park. The district has several waterfalls, including Athirapally, Vazhachal, and Thommankuthu, which are famous for their natural beauty.
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