Jhajjar is a city and district located in the Indian state of Haryana. The district headquarters of Jhajjar is the city of Jhajjar. The district was carved out of Rohtak and Jind districts in 1997. Jhajjar is a relatively small district, covering an area of approximately 1,834 square kilometers, and has a population of approximately 1.3 million people.
The history of Jhajjar dates back to ancient times. The district was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the region from around 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The area was ruled by various dynasties throughout history, including the Mauryans, Guptas, Rajputs, and Mughals. Jhajjar was an important center of trade and commerce during the medieval period, and it was a major center of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Jhajjar is located in the northwestern part of the Indian state of Haryana. It is situated between 28.34 degrees to 28.49 degrees North latitude and 76.25 degrees to 76.53 degrees East longitude. The district is bounded by Rohtak district to the east, Jind district to the north, Rewari district to the south, and the national capital territory of Delhi to the west. The district has an average elevation of approximately 220 meters above sea level. The climate of Jhajjar is dry and arid, with hot summers and cold winters.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Jhajjar district was approximately 1.3 million people. The district has a sex ratio of 862 females for every 1000 males, which is lower than the national average of 940 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate in the district is 80.1%, which is higher than the national average of 74.04%. The majority of the population in Jhajjar is Hindu, followed by Muslims and Sikhs.
Jhajjar is primarily an agricultural district, with approximately 60% of the population engaged in agriculture. The main crops grown in the district include wheat, rice, sugarcane, and mustard. In recent years, the district has seen significant industrial development, with several large industries setting up operations in the area. The district is home to the Jhajjar Power Plant, which is one of the largest thermal power plants in the country. Other major industries in the district include steel, automobile, and food processing.
Jhajjar has a rich cultural heritage, with a mix of rural and urban influences. The district is home to several ancient temples and monuments, including the Baba Mast Nath temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The district also has a vibrant folk music and dance tradition, with several forms of folk dance, such as Jhumar, Bhangra, and Giddha, being popular in the area. The district is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including pottery, weaving, and embroidery.
Jhajjar has several tourist attractions that draw visitors from all over the country. Some of the popular tourist destinations in the district include:
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