West Kameng is a district located in the western part of Arunachal Pradesh, India. It is one of the 25 districts in the state and was established in 1980. The district is bounded by the districts of Tawang to the north, East Kameng to the east, and Sonitpur district of Assam to the south and west. The district has a total area of 7,422 square kilometers and is situated at an average elevation of 2,000 meters above sea level.
The history of West Kameng can be traced back to the ancient times when it was inhabited by various tribal communities. The area was ruled by different local rulers until the 17th century when the Ahom kings of Assam conquered the region. The Ahom kings continued to rule the area until the arrival of the British in the 19th century. The British incorporated the region into their empire and administered it as a part of Assam. After India gained independence in 1947, the region became a part of the Indian union and was included in the state of Assam. However, in 1972, the region was granted the status of a Union Territory and was later made a part of Arunachal Pradesh in 1980 when the state was created.
West Kameng is a mountainous district with rugged terrain and steep valleys. The district is located in the eastern Himalayas and is characterized by snow-capped peaks, dense forests, and rivers. The district is drained by the Kameng River and its tributaries which flow through the district from north to south. The district is home to a number of wildlife species including the clouded leopard, red panda, Himalayan black bear, and musk deer.
As per the 2011 census, the total population of West Kameng district was 87,013. The district has a literacy rate of 59.35%, which is lower than the national average. The district has a predominantly tribal population, with the Monpa tribe being the largest community. Other major tribal communities include the Sherdukpen, Aka, and Miji tribes. Hindi and English are the official languages of the district, but the tribal communities also speak their own languages.
The economy of West Kameng is primarily based on agriculture and animal husbandry. The district is known for its production of crops such as paddy, maize, and millets. Livestock rearing is also an important economic activity, with cattle, goats, and sheep being the major livestock reared in the district. The district also has a small-scale industry that includes the production of handicrafts and textiles. The district is also rich in mineral resources such as coal, limestone, and dolomite, but these resources have not been fully exploited due to the difficult terrain.
West Kameng has a rich cultural heritage that is reflected in its art, music, and festivals. The Monpa tribe is known for its colorful dances and music, which are an important part of their festivals. The Sherdukpen tribe is known for its wood carving and bamboo work, which are considered to be among the best in the state. The district is home to a number of festivals, the most important of which are the Losar, Torgya, and Choskor festivals. These festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and are marked by feasting, dancing, and singing.
West Kameng is a popular tourist destination due to its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The district is home to several tourist attractions, including the Sela Pass, which is a high-altitude mountain pass that offers breathtaking views of the Himalayas. The district is also home to several Buddhist monasteries.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|1||Bhalukpong||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|2||Bomdila||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|3||Dirang||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|4||Dirang Basti||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|5||Kalaktang||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|6||Khellong||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|7||Lish||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|8||Munna Camp||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|9||Nafra||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|10||Rupa||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|11||Salari||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|12||Sangti||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|13||Senge||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|14||Seppa||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|15||Tenga Market||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|16||Tengaf Market||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|
|17||Tippi||West Kameng||Arunachal Pradesh|