Upper Siang is a district located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. It is situated in the eastern Himalayas and is known for its beautiful landscapes, cultural diversity, and rich history.
The history of Upper Siang can be traced back to ancient times. It is believed that the area was inhabited by various tribal groups, including the Adi, Galo, and Memba tribes. These tribes have a rich cultural heritage and have preserved their traditions and customs for generations. The Adi tribe is the largest ethnic group in the district and is known for their unique language, music, and dance.
The district was under the rule of various kingdoms and empires over the centuries. In the 16th century, the Ahom kingdom ruled over the region, followed by the British in the 19th century. During the British rule, Upper Siang was a part of the North-East Frontier Agency, which was later renamed as Arunachal Pradesh.
Upper Siang is located in the eastern Himalayas and covers an area of 6188 square kilometers. It is surrounded by Tibet to the north, Tawang district to the west, West Siang district to the south, and China to the east. The district is known for its rugged terrain, deep gorges, and snow-capped mountains. The Siang River, which originates in Tibet, flows through the district and is a major source of water for the region.
As per the 2011 Census, the population of Upper Siang was 35,352. The district has a diverse population, with various ethnic groups residing in the region. The Adi tribe is the largest ethnic group in the district, followed by the Memba and Galo tribes. The district has a high literacy rate, with the literacy rate being 66.69% as per the 2011 Census.
The economy of Upper Siang is primarily based on agriculture and animal husbandry. The region is known for its production of rice, maize, and millet. Apart from agriculture, the district has a significant potential for hydroelectric power generation, with the Siang River offering several opportunities for setting up hydroelectric power plants. The district is also rich in natural resources such as timber, coal, and limestone.
The culture of Upper Siang is diverse and vibrant. The Adi tribe, which is the largest ethnic group in the district, has a rich cultural heritage. They are known for their traditional dances such as the Ponung, Popir, and Pasi Kongki, which are performed during festivals and other cultural events. The Memba tribe, which resides in the Mechuka Valley, has a unique culture and language. They are known for their handicrafts such as weaving, basketry, and woodcarving.
Upper Siang is a popular tourist destination, known for its scenic beauty, cultural diversity, and adventure sports. The district offers various trekking routes, such as the Mechuka Trek, which takes visitors through the picturesque Mechuka Valley, and the Siang Valley Trek, which offers breathtaking views of the Siang River and the surrounding mountains. Apart from trekking, visitors can also indulge in river rafting, angling, and camping.
The district has several tourist attractions such as the Gekar Sinyi Lake, which is a natural lake located at an altitude of 4500 feet above sea level. The lake is surrounded by dense forests and is known for its scenic beauty. Another popular tourist destination is the Mechuka Valley etc.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|1||Pasighat||Upper Siang||Arunachal Pradesh|
|2||Tuting||Upper Siang||Arunachal Pradesh|
|3||Yingkiong||Upper Siang||Arunachal Pradesh|