Lohit is a district in the northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated in the easternmost part of the state and shares borders with China to the north and Myanmar to the east. The district covers an area of 2,402 square kilometers and has a population of around 145,000 people. Lohit is known for its diverse geography, rich culture, and natural beauty, making it a popular tourist destination in the region.
The history of Lohit can be traced back to the prehistoric period, as evidenced by the discovery of several rock shelters and prehistoric tools in the region. In ancient times, the area was inhabited by various tribes, including the Mishmi, Khampti, and Singpho. The region was ruled by several local chieftains until the British East India Company annexed it in the 19th century. During World War II, the Japanese army invaded the region and established a base in Lohit, which was later destroyed by Allied forces. After India gained independence in 1947, Lohit became a part of the newly created state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Lohit is located in the easternmost part of Arunachal Pradesh and covers an area of 2,402 square kilometers. The district is situated at an elevation of around 200 meters above sea level and is surrounded by hills and mountains. The Lohit River, one of the major rivers in the region, flows through the district, providing irrigation and transportation to the local people. The district has a tropical monsoon climate, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season and mild winters.
Lohit has a diverse population, consisting of various tribes and communities. The Mishmi tribe is the largest ethnic group in the district, accounting for around 40% of the population. Other tribes in the district include the Khampti, Singpho, Adi, and Idu-Mishmi. The official language of the district is English, but several local languages are also spoken, including Mishmi, Khampti, and Adi. The literacy rate in the district is around 60%, with higher literacy rates among males than females.
The economy of Lohit is primarily based on agriculture and tourism. The district is known for its fertile soil, which is suitable for the cultivation of various crops, including rice, wheat, and maize. The district also has significant forest resources, which provide timber and non-timber forest products to the local people. Tourism is an important source of income for the district, with several popular tourist destinations, including the Parasuram Kund, the Glow Lake, and the Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary. The district is also home to several small-scale industries, including weaving, handicrafts, and agro-based industries.
Lohit has a rich cultural heritage, with several tribes and communities living in the district. The Mishmi tribe is known for its unique culture, which includes traditional dances, music, and festivals. The Idu-Mishmi tribe is known for its colorful costumes, which are made from locally sourced materials. The Khampti and Singpho tribes are known for their expertise in traditional weaving and handicrafts. The district celebrates several festivals throughout the year, including the Solung festival, which is celebrated by the Adi tribe, and the Mopin festival, which is celebrated by the Galo tribe.
Lohit is a popular tourist destination in the region, known for its natural beauty, rich culture, and adventure activities. The Parasuram Kund, a sacred pilgrimage site for Hindus, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the district.
|S.No||Tehsil / Taluk Name||District Name||State Name|
|3||Kamlang Nagar||Lohit||Arunachal Pradesh|