Phek is a district located in the state of Nagaland in northeastern India. The district is named after the Phek town, which is the headquarters of the district. Phek district covers an area of 2,026 square kilometers and is surrounded by Tuensang district to the north, Myanmar to the east, Zunheboto district to the west, and Kohima district to the south.
The history of Phek dates back to the pre-colonial era when the region was inhabited by the Chakesang Naga tribe. The Chakesang Nagas have a rich history and culture, and they have been living in the region for centuries. The British annexed the region in the 19th century, and it became a part of the British Raj. After India gained independence in 1947, the region became a part of the newly formed country of India. In 1963, Nagaland was granted statehood, and Phek became one of its districts.
Phek is located in the eastern part of Nagaland and is surrounded by mountains and hills. The district has an average elevation of 1,445 meters above sea level. The terrain is mostly hilly, and the district is home to several mountain peaks, including the Mount Japfu, which is the second-highest peak in Nagaland. The district is also home to several rivers and streams, including the Tizu River, which is the largest river in the district.
As per the 2011 census, Phek district has a population of 163,294, with a population density of 81 people per square kilometer. The district has a literacy rate of 78.91%, which is higher than the national average of 74.04%. The majority of the population in the district is of the Chakesang Naga tribe, and they speak the Chakesang language. Other tribes in the district include the Pochury, Khezha, and Sumi.
The economy of Phek is primarily based on agriculture, and the district is known for its terraced farming. The main crops grown in the district include rice, maize, millets, and vegetables. The district is also known for its sericulture industry, and silk production is a significant source of income for many families in the region. Handloom weaving is another important industry in the district, and Phek shawls are famous for their intricate designs and bright colors.
The Chakesang Nagas have a rich cultural heritage, and their customs and traditions are still practiced in the district. The Chakesang tribe is known for their colorful dances, and the Sekrenyi festival is one of the most important festivals celebrated in the district. The festival is celebrated in February and is a time for feasting, dancing, and socializing. The district is also known for its traditional music, and the Chakesang tribe is famous for their bamboo flute music.
Phek is a beautiful district with several tourist attractions. The Mount Japfu, which is the second-highest peak in Nagaland, offers a breathtaking view of the surrounding hills and valleys. The district is also home to several waterfalls, including the Totsu Wozhu waterfall and the Salomi waterfall. The district is also known for its wildlife, and the Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary is home to several rare species of animals, including the hoolock gibbon and the barking deer.
In addition to its natural beauty, Phek is also known for its traditional handicrafts. The district is home to several weavers and artisans who create beautiful shawls, baskets, and other handicrafts using traditional techniques.
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