Longleng is a district in the state of Nagaland in northeastern India. It is situated in the eastern part of the state and shares its borders with the districts of Mon and Tuensang. The district headquarters is located in the town of Longleng, which is the largest town in the district.
The history of Longleng dates back to ancient times when it was inhabited by the Konyak Nagas. The Konyaks were known for their headhunting practices, which were prevalent in the region until the 20th century. Longleng was part of the Konyak kingdom, which was one of the largest Naga kingdoms in the region. The kingdom was ruled by a hereditary monarch, who was known as the Angh. The Konyaks were also involved in various inter-tribal conflicts, which were common in the region. Longleng became a district of Nagaland in 2004, after being carved out of the Tuensang district.
Longleng is located in the eastern part of Nagaland and covers an area of 885.56 square kilometers. The district is mostly hilly, with the Dikhu River flowing through it. The district is situated at an altitude of 1,050 meters above sea level. The climate of Longleng is mostly tropical, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. The district is rich in natural resources, including forests, minerals, and water.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Longleng has a population of 50,593. The population is predominantly rural, with only a small percentage living in urban areas. The majority of the population belongs to the Konyak tribe, which is one of the largest Naga tribes. The Konyaks are known for their unique culture, which includes their traditional attire, music, and dance. The literacy rate in Longleng is 63.73%, which is lower than the national average.
The economy of Longleng is predominantly agrarian, with agriculture being the main occupation of the people. The district is known for its production of rice, maize, millet, and other crops. The district also has a significant forest cover, and forestry is an important source of income for the people. The district is also rich in minerals, including coal, limestone, and granite. However, the mining industry in the district is still in its nascent stage. The district is also home to a number of small-scale industries, including handicrafts, weaving, and pottery.
The culture of Longleng is closely linked to the Konyak tribe, which is known for its rich cultural heritage. The Konyaks are known for their traditional attire, which includes a distinctive headgear made of boar's tusks and feathers. The tribe is also known for its music and dance, which are an integral part of their culture. The Konyaks are also known for their elaborate tattooing practices, which are considered a symbol of bravery and strength. The district is also home to a number of festivals and celebrations, including the Aoleang festival, which is celebrated in April every year.
Longleng is a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The district is home to a number of tourist attractions, including the Dikhu River, which is popular for fishing and boating. The district is also home to a number of waterfalls, including the Mokokchung waterfall and the Tutak waterfall. The district is also known for its wildlife, including tigers, leopards, and elephants. The district is also home to a number of historical sites, including the Longleng town gate.
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