Mon is a district located in the northeastern Indian state of Nagaland. It is situated at an altitude of around 897 meters above sea level and covers an area of 1,786 square kilometers. The district is named after the Mon tribe, which is one of the major tribes of Nagaland.
The history of Mon can be traced back to the early 19th century when the area was ruled by the Ahom dynasty of Assam. In 1832, the British East India Company established their foothold in the region, and Mon became a part of their territory. During the British rule, the Naga Hills were divided into two districts, namely Naga Hills District and Tuensang Frontier Division. Mon was a part of the latter.
After India gained independence in 1947, the Naga Hills District was merged with Assam, while Tuensang Frontier Division became a part of the newly formed state of Nagaland in 1963. Mon was one of the districts that were created in Nagaland after its formation.
Mon is located in the eastern part of Nagaland and shares its borders with the districts of Tuensang, Longleng, and Myanmar. The district is situated in the foothills of the Patkai range, which separates it from Myanmar. The Dikhu River flows through the district, and it is the main source of water for the people living in the area. The district is characterized by hilly terrain with dense forests and is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna.
As per the 2011 census, the population of Mon was 250,260, of which 131,715 were males and 118,545 were females. The district has a population density of 140 persons per square kilometer. The major tribes that inhabit the district are the Konyak, Phom, and Sangtam. The official language of the district is English, but people also speak various dialects of the Naga language.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people living in Mon, and the major crops grown in the district are rice, millets, maize, and vegetables. The district is also known for its orange orchards, which are a major source of income for the local farmers. Apart from agriculture, handloom and handicrafts are also an important source of livelihood for the people in Mon. The district is known for its traditional handicrafts, including woodcarvings, bamboo and cane products, and weaving.
Mon is home to a diverse mix of tribes, each with its own unique culture and traditions. The Konyak tribe, in particular, is known for its headhunting history and traditional tattoos. The district is also known for its traditional festivals, which are celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm. The Aoling festival of the Konyak tribe is one such festival, which is celebrated in the first week of April every year. The festival is marked by singing, dancing, feasting, and the exchange of gifts.
Mon is a popular tourist destination in Nagaland, and it is known for its scenic beauty, rich culture, and traditional handicrafts. The district is home to several tourist attractions, including the Longwa Village, Shangnyu Village, Veda Peak, and Chui Village. The Longwa Village is particularly famous as it straddles the border between India and Myanmar, and visitors can stand with one foot in each country.
In addition to the natural and cultural attractions, Mon is also known for its adventure sports. Trekking and hiking are popular activities in the district, and visitors can explore the scenic trails that wind through the hills and forests. The district is also known for its wildlife, and visitors.
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