Nalgonda district is a historically important place. Nala means black and Gonda means hill. It is amuseumof modern political governance including Satavahana, Rashtrakuta, Ishvakulu, Vishnukundini, Kakatiya, Chalukya, Padmanayaka, Qutub Shahi, Asaf Jahi. Nalconda district of Telangana state became a part of Andhra Pradesh district on November 1, 1956 i.e. after the reorganization of states. It was earlier known as Nilgiri (Blue Hill).
Its history is of the Palaeolithic era. The Palaeolithic era made man s own tools and weapons by cutting hard stones of convenient size. The place has been the center of power for many ruling dynasties, its political history begins with the arrival of the Mauryas, but its existence has become stable in the Palaeolithic era.
The district has Medak and Warangal districts in the north, Guntur and Mahbubnagar districts in the south, Khammam andKrishnadistricts in the east and Mahbubnagar and Rangareddy districts in the west. Other popular languages mainly spoken in Telugu include Lamani Urdu, Yerukala, Tamil, Hindi, Banjara, Marathi, Malayalam, Kannada, Hai, Punjabi, Gujarati, Oriya and Nepali. The major religious beliefs prevalent in the region are Hinduism, Islam and Christianity.