Central India Travel Guide

Kolkata has its own special importance among the metropolitan cities of India. Kolkata has a proud history. There are many such arguments recorded here, which expose many aspects of pre-independence. There are various places to visit here, in which Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Eden Garden, Dakshineswar Temple, Kalighat, Science City, Alipore Zoo, Birla Planetarium, Fort William, Tipu Sultan Mosque, Jorasanku Thakurbari etc. Visiting Kolkata not only gives pleasure to excursions, but also proves to be very helpful in getting many historical information.

Historyof Kolkata 

It is believed that the capital of Bengal was earlier Murshidabad. In 1756 AD, Siraj-ud-Daula conquered it and made it his capital. Just a year after that, in 1757 AD, Robert Clive, representing the British forces, conquered Murshidabad. Calcutta became the capital of British India in 1772 AD and around 1912 AD Warren Hastings transferred all government offices to Calcutta. After that this place remained the capital of British India by the name of Calcutta for a long time.

Victoria Memorial

The beauty of Victoria Memorial, built amidst beautiful lush green gardens, located at a distance of 6 km from the city of Kolkata, attracts more and more tourists visiting Kolkata. Victoria Memorial is one of the most visited places in Kolkata. One of the major attractions of Kolkata is the Victoria Memorial built by Lord Curzon in the year 1901 in the memory of Queen Victoria. It is a magnificent structure beautifully designed in white marble. This monument was built between 1906 and 1921 in memory of Queen Victoria. Now it has been converted into a beautiful museum. The Victoria Memorial is surrounded by beautiful lush green gardens with lots of sculptures. There is also a bronze statue of Queen Victoria in front of this monument which is the most visible.

The Garden of Victoria Memorial is open seven days a week from 5:30 am to 6:00 pm, and the museum built inside this memorial is open for 6 days except Mondays from 10:00 am to 5 pm. Open till 00.

The entry ticket for the Garden of Victoria Memorial is ₹ 20 and the entry ticket for the museum is ₹ 30.

Birla Planetarium

Birla Planetarium is a popular building which looks like the Buddha Stupa at Sanchi, located on the Jawahar Nehru Road in Kolkata in the state of West Bengal. This planetarium was established in 1963 by the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. It is the largest planetarium in Asia and one of the best places to visit in Kolkata. The diameter of the dome is 23 meters and it can seat 688 people. This planetarium regularly organizes programs in English, Hindi and Bengali languages ​​and provides information related to astronomy. Apart from this, the place also houses an electronics laboratory and an astronomy gallery with a collection of paintings and astronomical models.

Howrah Bridge

Howrah Bridge connecting Howrah and Kolkata is a historic bridge in Kolkata now known as Rabindra Setu. This bridge is a huge steel bridge over the Hooghly River. The special thing about this bridge is that it is made without any nuts and bolts. This bridge is 1500 feet long, 71 feet left. The bridge is often regarded as one of the major national landmarks in India and is also called Rabindra Setu after the famous Bengali litterateur Rabindranath Tagore.

Eco Park

Spread over 475 acres, this park is located at a distance of about 15 km from the city of Kolkata, which is one of the largest parks in India. In this park you will get to see the exact replicas of foreign monuments. The entry ticket for this park is ₹ 30. This park is closed on Mondays. Its opening and closing are given below-

  • Tuesday to Saturday – 12:00 PM to 7:30 PM.
  • Sunday - 11:00 am to 7:00 pm.

Indian Museum of Kolkata

The Indian Museum is one of the oldest museums in the world and is a good attraction to visit in Kolkata. The museum was established in the year 1814 by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata. This ancient museum has a unique collection of various types of paintings, weapons, tools, jewellery, fossils, skeletons and many other antiquities. It is one of the places to visit in Kolkata and exposes the tourists to the history and culture from all over the world in the best possible way. This museum is open for tourists from 10 am to 5 pm.

Kalighat Temple

The Kali Ghat Temple dedicated to Maa Kali is located in the Kali Ghat of Kolkata which is the center of religious faith of Hindus. Situated at a distance of 7 km from Howrah Railway Station, this temple is visited by a large number of devotees. It is said that the toe of Mother Sati's right foot fell at this place.

Due to which this temple is considered to be one of the 51 Shaktipeeths located in the country. The idol inside this temple is made of red and black stone.

Dakshineswar Kali Temple

Dakshineswar Kali Temple on the east bank of the Hooghly River is one of the most famous and largest temples in Kolkata. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali and is also a major pilgrimage site for Hindus. The temple was built by Rani Rasmani in the year 1854. Today it is the historical temple of Kolkata and attracts thousands of devotees. There are 12 different temples in the huge complex of the temple which are dedicated to different deities like Radha Krishna, Lord Shiva. There is also a bathing ghat and it is said that one who takes bath here and visits this temple attains salvation. This temple is considered to be of great importance in all the places of interest in Kolkata.

Botanical Garden

This garden is famous all over the world for its banyan tree, which is located in a place called Shivpur, Howrah, spread over 261 acres, this garden is the largest botanical garden in the country, it was established in the year 1786 by Colonel Robert Kidd. Earlier known as Indian Botanical Garden but now its name has been changed to Acharya Jagdish Chandra Botanical Garden.

You know that tea was first grown in our country, the banyan tree settled in this garden has become a major center of attraction for the tourists coming here because it is considered to be the world's most sprawling tree, which is about 330 meters in height. Apart from the banyan tree, many different types of plants are also present in this garden.

Belur Math

Situated on the banks of the Hooghly River, Belur Math is one of the most popular pilgrimage places to visit in Kolkata which is also the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission established by Swami Vivekananda. It is located at a distance of about 16 kilometers from the city of Kolkata. This Math was established by Swami Vivekananda in the memory of his Guru Ramakrishna Paramhansa. This monastery exhibits various religions such as Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism as well as Islam. The wonderful combination of temple, mosque and church attracts tourists here. People come here to experience the peace and enjoy the peace in this beautiful environment. Due to its impressive architecture, peaceful ambiance and historical significance, Belur Math is a perfect place to visit in Kolkata.

Fort William

One of the historical tourist attractions of Kolkata, Fort William is an interesting place to visit which is situated on the east bank of the Hooghly River. It was built by the East India Company in the year 1696 and was named after King William of England. Today the fort is under the control of the Indian Army and serves as the headquarters of the Eastern Command. Spread over an area of ​​5 square kilometers, this fort often attracts tourists with its lush green landscape.

Eden Garden

This cricket stadium, built in the year 1864, is the second largest and oldest cricket stadium in the country, with a capacity to seat about 68,000 people. After (Chamta 110000) it moved to second place.

The first cricket match in India was played in this stadium in the year 1934. Earlier Eden Garden Cricket Stadium used to be a football stadium but now it is formally a cricket stadium where all three formats of cricket Test, ODI and T20 matches are played. Is

Science City

Science City is one of the major places to visit in Kolkata and is extremely popular among tourists. It is the largest science center in the Indian subcontinent and is visited by thousands of tourists every day. The major attractions of this place include Space Theatre, 3D Show, Natural Science Park, Evolution Theme Park, Dinosaur Complex and Time Machine. Apart from entertaining the kids, it is a great place to refresh knowledge. To increase the interest of science among the people.

Marble Palace

Marble Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Kolkata city which attracts tourists from far and wide throughout the year. According to history, this magnificent palace was built in the year 1853 by Rajendra Mallick. The palace is most famous for its vast collection of architecture, artistic sculptures and various paintings. This beautiful palace is spread over about 18 acres of land and the palace also houses a zoo with many animals and rare birds. There is also a museum in the palace which includes various antique furniture and old paintings. Marble Palace is one of the famous historical places in Kolkata and also a good attraction for tourists to visit in Kolkata.

Alipore Zoo

Alipore Zoo, also known as Kolkata Zoo, is an ideal place to see animals in Kolkata with kids. Especially this zoo is a special place for children as a variety of animals can be seen here and among these animals there are amazing species of reptiles and birds. One can spot rhinoceros, white tigers, zebras, elephants, deer and many other animals here. Apart from this, different types of pheasants, hornbills and ostriches can also be seen here. It is one of the oldest zoological parks established in India and is the perfect place for wildlife watching in Kolkata.

Park Street

Park Street in the heart of the city is a famous place known for restaurants, pubs, discs, luxury hotels, shops. It is one of the busiest places in Kolkata and is always full of activities. This place is a major attraction for all the tourists visiting Kolkata, as it is also Kolkata's favorite hangout spot with lots of restaurants and pubs. Along with this, some historical buildings of the British period are also seen here. If you want to enjoy the nightlife in Kolkata then Park Street is the place you must visit.

Rabindra Sarobar Lake

Rabindra Sarobar Lake is a man-made lake, formerly known as Dhakuria Lake, but in 1958 the old name of the lake was changed to Rabindra Sarobar. This lake is located in the southern parts of Kolkata city and is a fun place to visit. The lake was created in 1920. Today this lake is a favorite picnic spot in Kolkata and is visited by tourists regularly. With lush green surroundings, this lake is spread over an area of ​​192 acres and is one of the most attractive and peaceful places in Kolkata city.

Kolkata Jain Temple

This temple is dedicated to Lord Pashunath of Jainism, which is considered to be one of the four holy pilgrimage sites of Jainism. This temple was built by Rayabdri Das Bahadur in the year 1867 AD and it was established by Shri Kalyan Sureshwar Ji Maharaj. The most famous Jain temple is the place where every year thousands of tourists come.

There is a flower garden outside the temple, where different types of beautiful and beautiful flowers are planted, as if the fountains outside this temple add to its beauty. The light fills this temple with light. There is also a small lake outside the temple where you can see different types of fish.

How To Reach Kolkata

By Flight

The main airport of Kolkata is Netaji Subash Chandra Bose International Airport, which is very well connected to almost all the major cities of the country like Mumbai, Delhi, Banaras, Jaipur and Patna etc. Apart from this, international flights are also done from here to abroad.

By Train

There are three major railway stations in Kolkata, Howrah, Sealdah and Chitpur railway stations and all three are well connected to any railway station in India, so you can reach here very comfortably from anywhere and make your trip to Kolkata. can be successful

By Road

If you want to come through Kolkata road, then let us tell you that Kolkata is very well connected to almost all the major cities of India, you can reach here comfortably by taking bus service from any city from all the cities of Kolkata. good bus service.

Best time to visit Kolkata

October to March: 

With the onset of autumn the weather becomes very pleasant and it is a wonderful time to visit Kolkata. Apart from the season, it is also the time of festivals. Kolkata comes alive during Durga Puja, i.e. all the cities have many mandals with beautiful goddess Durga idols and many street food stalls. Here Lakshmi Puja and Kali Puja also have great importance. The temperature here varies between 9 °C to 11 °C at this time. December and January are the best months and for this time you may need light warm clothes, especially at night. Sometimes it rains, which makes the weather pleasant. Which can make it the best time to plan a vacation.

April to May: 

This time is the hottest and the temperature here ranges from 40 degree to 30 degree Celsius. The weather is fine for carrying sunglasses and comfy cotton clothes, but sightseeing in the summer seems difficult.

June to September: 

This time is the time of monsoon. Here at this time heavy rain is experienced. The temperature comes down when the humidity level rises. August is the wettest month and it is caused by excessive rainfall over a long period of time. There is little rain in September and there is a slight cool breeze in the evening, which can make it pleasant to travel here at this time.

Famous Food of Kolkata

Many people want to know before going to Kolkata that what is the famous food in Kolkata, then I would like to tell for your information, you will easily find almost all types of Bengali food and dishes in Kolkata.

Most of the Bengali food consists of fish and rice, which Bengali people like the most. Prawn Curry, Prawn Malai, Misty Dai, Beguni Bhaja, Bhatki Paturi, Momos and Thuppa are some of the delicious dishes of Kolkata. Apart from this, Rasgulla of Bengal is also very famous.

Kolkata

A cultural capital in the country, from its beautiful British Raj Bhavans to vast gardens, from its historical colleges to its Gulzar nightlife, from its sweets to delicious food, Kolkata is one of the finest places to visit not only in West Bengal but also in India. The home of eminent poets, writers, filmmakers and Nobel laureates in the country can also say that the city is called Kolkata. This city with ancient glorious culture and literature and a hue like London, which the British can also say, is said to be that if the British stop in India for a few more days, they would have made this place a London.

Are you know about these offbeat places in Kolkata?

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