Agra city situated on the bank of river Yamuna is also called Taj Nagari. Taj Mahal is the identity of seven wonders of the world. Agra is the third largest city in Uttar Pradesh. Agra is a historic town. History of Agra is known primarily from the Mughal period. Agra city was built by Sikandar Lodhi in 1506 AD. Agra was the favorite place of the Mughal empire. Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1526 to 1658. Even today, Agra is a famous tourist destination due to Mughal buildings like Taj Mahal, Lal Kila, Fatehpur Sikri etc.
Tajmahal is the mausoleum of Shahjahan’s beloved begum mumtaz palace. Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built in the memory of his Begum Mumtaz Mahal. The entire twenty-two years (1630-1652) were built in this monument. This mausoleum made of white marble is based on a square foundation. This beautiful palace is considered a symbol of love. The Taj Mahal is closed every Friday.
Fatehpur Sikri, located about 36 kilometers away from Taj Mahal Mughal emperor Akbar had settled in Fatehpur Sikri. In Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar constructed the tallest building Buland Darwaja, which is 280 feet from the height of the land. 52 steps can be reached within the door after climbing the stairs. It is made of red and sandstone. The tomb of Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chishti is here. Fatehpur Sikri, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a symbol of Mughal culture and civilization.
Another World Heritage Site of Agra is the fort of Agra. The fort of Agra was built by Akbar in 1565. Later, his grandson Shah Jahan rebuilt this fort with red sandstone. The main buildings of this fort include the Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-e-Khas, Jahangir Palace, Khas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Mussamman Burj. Thousands of tourists come from India and abroad to see the ancient architecture.
Jama Masjid of Agra is dedicated to Jahanara Begum, daughter of Shahjahan. This huge mosque was built in 1648. The Jama Masjid, made of red sandstone and small white marble, is very beautiful. Looks at Sufi Shaikh Salim Chishti’s mazar from Jama Masjid, which is a wonderful specimen of artwork. The carving of the Jama Masjid is very beautiful. Through the Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid can be reached.