The Qutab Minar is the second tallest (100 metres) minar or minaret in India, one of the historical place in india which is located at 15 km in south direction from New Delhi,is an incredible example of early Indo–Islamic architecture. built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi's last Hindu kingdom and completed by Iltutmish and finally by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1368. The tower is made of red sandstone and marble and is a great looking medieval structure.
It was intended to praise the victory of the Muslim rulers over the defeat of the Hindu Rajput warriors. It's said that the stones and columns were taken from pulverized Hindu temples and was made to serve the aim of calling for prayers to the trustworthy. It is an alternate certainty of Qutub Minar that it was made to imply victory and the start of Muslim govern in India then again some said it was utilized to call the devoted to petition to God.
The tower has five particular stories, every stamped by an anticipating balcony and tapers from a 15m. at the base to only 2.5 m at the top. The initial three stories are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth stories are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the first mosque to be constructed in India. An engraving over its eastern entryway provocatively advises that it was assembled with material got from pulverizing '27 Hindu temples'. A 7m high iron column remains in the yard of the mosque. It is said that in the event that you can encompass it with your hands while remaining with your back to it your wish will be satisfied.
The roots of Qutab Minar are covered in controversy. Some believe that it was raised as a tower of victory to mean the start of the Muslim control in India. Others say it served as a minaret to the muezzins to call the faithful to prayer.
Nobody can, be that as it may, debate that the tower is not just one of the finest landmarks in India, additionally on the planet. Qutab-ud-clamor Aibak, the first Muslim leader of Delhi, initiated the development of the Qutab Minar in 1200 AD, yet could just complete the storm cellar. His successor, Iltutmish, included three more stories, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak built the fifth and the last story.
The advancement of building styles from Aibak to Tughlak is very clear in the minar. The alleviation work and even the materials utilized for development vary. The 238 feet Qutab Minar is 47 feet at the base and decreases to nine feet at the peak. The tower is ornamented by groups of engravings and by four anticipating galleries bolstered by intricately improved sections. Despite the fact that in demolishes, the Quwwat Ul Islam (Light of Islam) Mosque in the Qutab complex is a standout amongst the most brilliant structures on the planet. Qutab-ud-clamor Aibak began its development in 1193 and the mosque was finished in 1197.
Iltutmish in 1230 and Alla-ud-commotion Khilji in 1315 made increases to the building. The principal mosque involves an internal and external courtyard,decorated with shafts and encompassed by piller. The majority of these poles are from the 27 Hindu temples, which were looted to develop the mosque. It is, hence, not amazing that the Muslim mosque has commonplace Hindu ornamentation. Near to the mosque is one of Delhi's most inquisitive obsolescence, the Iron Pillar.
1202 - The Qutb Minar was also begun by Qutb Ud-Din Aibak, in around 1202 and completed by his successor, Muhammad-bin-Sam.
1326 - It was damaged by lightning in 1326 and again in 1368, and was repaired by the rulers of the day, Muhammad-bin-Tughluq (1325-51) and Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351-88)
1503 - Sikandar Lodi carried out some restoration and enlargement of the upper storeys. The iron pillar in the mosque compound was brought from elsewhere in India. It bears a Sanskrit inscription from the 4th century AD describing the exploits of a ruler named Chandra, believed to be the Gupta King Chandragupta II (375-413).
1235 - The Tomb of Iltutmish was built by the ruler himself
1311 - Alai Darwaza was built by Alauddin Khilji, who also began the construction of the Alai Minar.
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